A tall growing orchid native to India and SE Asia. It is named as Butterfly Orchid because of its wing-like sepals and fringed lip lobes. The butterfly orchid is a ground orchid of swamp and grassland with very large white terminal flowers and elongated nectarines. The flowers have a pleasing fragrance. During the monsoon, the twin underground tubers, dormant till then, shoot out a robust green stem of flat leaves, bearing up to six flowers. The outstanding part is the wide spreading lip, which is tri-cleft. While the mid-lobe is simple and tongue-like, the side lobes are widely expanded with ends split up into numerous long comb-like segments. The lip has a long, tubular greenish spur near the base. The petals are narrow and hidden by the wide white sepals. The dorsal sepal is the widest. The stumpy white column has a single anther, flat at the tip, pollinia being two. This flower also has a peculiar spur. The home of this orchid is humus-rich marshy grasslands, margins of bamboo clump shelters and the muddy fringes of swamps in hilly areas throughout the country. Tubers are uprooted and eaten by wild boar. The orchid can be easily cultivated in pots filled with rich with leaf mould. While collecting the tubers from the wild, take plenty of soil from home. When the flowering season is over, the stem withers. The pots should not be disturbed as the tubers hibernate. The pots should be kept always moist and under the shade. The tuber sprouts and flowers in the next rains.
Commelina-Leaf Habenaria is a terrestrial orchid found in the Himalayas, from W. Himalayas to parts of SE Asia. It is also found in Western Ghats. It is a terrestrial herb. Leaves are alternately arranged on the stem, becoming smaller upwards, merging into bracts, oblong, lance-shaped, with white or yellow margins. Bracts are stem-clasping. Flowers are borne in a dense spike, greenish-white. Sepals and petals are white. Lip is white, 3-lobed. Lateral lobes are thread-like; midlobe is narrowly linear. The curved spur is 5-6 cm long.
This is a medium sized, warm to hot growing species that comes from Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia and India. It is found in semi-deciduous and deciduous dry lowland forests woodlands at elevations of sealevel to 700 m with stout, repent, short stem carrying to 12, curved, fleshy, deeply channeled, keeld, retuse apically leaves and blooms on an axillary, pendant, to 60 cm long, racemose, densely many flowered, cylyndrical inflorescence that occurs in the winter and early spring and requires even water and fertilizer year round.
The genus name Paphiopedilum is derived from the Greek Paphos, a city on the island of Cyprus, and pedilon, slipper. Commonly referred to as the Lady’s or Venus’ Slipper Orchids, so named from the unusual shape of the pouch (labellum) of the flower, which was said to resemble a lady’s slipper. The pouch functions by trapping insects so that they are forced to climb up past the staminode, behind which they collect or deposit pollinia. These sympodial orchids lack pseudobulbs. Instead they grow robust shoots, each with several leaves. These can be short and rounded or long and narrow, and typically have a mottled pattern. When older shoots die, newer ones take over. Each new shoot only blooms once when it is fully grown, producing a raceme between the fleshy, succulent leaves. The roots are thick and fleshy. Potted plants form a tight lump of roots that, when untangled, can be up to l m long. The Paphiopedilums are among the most widely cultivated and hybridized of orchid genera.
Long-tailed Habenaria is a 1-3 ft high terrestrial herb. Oblong-elliptic leaves are 3-10, clustered on the base, and lie flat on the ground. Flowers occur on a long erect stalk which is 30-80 cm tall. White fragrant flowers are 1-4 in number. Greenish white petals are 10-14 mm long. Flowers have a spur which is 10-15 cm long. Overall, the flowers have the shape of an inverted funnel. The Nilgiris have 17 species of orchids belonging to the Habenaria genus and it is usual to see hundreds of these, flowering side by side on a single grassy and rocky slope.
Phalaenopsis are one of the top ten potted plants in cultivation. Their showy blooms that last for weeks and the relative ease of growing them indoors makes them a prize plant for any household. Although they have been exploited by the horticultural industry for two centuries, there is very little information on the natural habit of these plants. Common Name or Meaning refers to being similar to a moth. This is a vandaceous genus comprised of 50, mostly epiphytic and some lithophytic species spread throughout most all of Asia east of India and the Pacific to the Philippines and south to Australia. Phalaenopsis Rendezvous, a deep pink hybrid. The identifying features are, darker veining covering sepals and petals and vibrantly rich red lip. This orchid usually blooms two or three times during the year.
It is an orchid found in Himalayan regions and in temperate locations including China, Taiwan and South Korea. It is the state flower of Sikkim.
An endangered species, Red Vanda is restricted to the State of Manipur and neighbouring areas in NE India. It grows on small shrubs and trees at elevations of 300-500 m flowering during spring. It is one of the loveliest species in India with limited distribution. The branching spikes of this magnificent species can often attain 90cm or more and the multitude of flowers appearing like a shower last for a long time. Red Vanda is renowned for its bright crimson flowers with red spots on a pale orange background of its dorsal sepal and petals. The long, branching inflorescence bearing more than 20 flowers is remarkably beautiful.