Arabian Jasmine is an evergreen shrub, that often reaches 5 ft in height in pots. The flowers are used in making perfumes and as a flavoring in tea. Arabian jasmine is native to India. This woody shrub features green oval shaped leaves. The most attractive aspect of this plant is its small, white, star-shaped flowers, which are fragrant and have a wonderfully sweet scent. This everblooming Jasmine has bushy growth and does particularly well on windowsills. It is well known in Asia for its use in teas and religious observances. Also known as the "Arabian Tea Jasmine," it is the National Flower of the Philippines, where it is known as 'Sampaguita".
Ban Kapas is an erect, slightly branched shrub 2-3 m in height. The leaves are ovate, 10-20 cm long, somewhat 3-lobed or nearly entire, green and nearly smooth on the upper surface, somewhat hairy beneath, broad and heart-shaped at the base and pointed at the tip. The flowers are large, and borne in threes in the apex of the branches or at the axils of the leaves. The calyx is green, with 5 pointed lobes united below the middle. The corolla is bell-shaped, 6-8 cm long, yellow, and dark-purple at the center. The capsules are ovoid, and about 3 cm long, with 4-5 valves.
Blue barleria is a shrub with many hairy branches, growing 1-1.5 m high. Oppositely arrange elliptic lancelike leaves are 10-15 cm long. The leaves are hairy, with a talk 1-2 cm long. Flowers occur in hairy spikes at the end of branches. The 6-7 cm long flowers are blue in color, and shaped like other Barlerias. Two stamens prominently protrude out of the flowers.
Blue Fountain Bush is a shrubs 1-4 m tall. Leaves opposite or in threes; petiole to 5 cm or leaf subsessile; leaf blade oblong, obovate-oblong, elliptic, or ovate, 6-30 2.5-11 cm, papery, pubescent, margin subentire to serrulate or sparsely coarse serrate, apex acuminate to acute; veins 10 or 11 pairs, abaxially prominent. Inflorescences are terminal thyrses, densely yellow-brown hairy. Bracts are sessile, ovate to broadly ovate, 1.5-4.5 0.5-1.8 cm. Flowers white, bluish, or purplish, tube 7 mm. Petals oblong to obovate, 6-12 mm. Stamens 2-4 cm long, protruding out. Style long protruding. Drupes green when young, becoming black, spherical.
This sub-shrub, native to the Himalayas, is exceptional for its rich blue flowers which occur in terminal spikes during the early winter season. The flower spikes are borne above the large, rounded and prominently veined leaves. It is a popular garden plant. The plant even looks great in foliage without flowers. One prominent way in which it differs from its wild cousin Rosy Eranthemum (Eranthemum roseum) is that the flowers are completely scentless, whereas those of Rosy Eranthemum have a strong odour.
Burr Mallow is an erect subshrub to 1-2 m tall. Leaves are palmately deeply lobed, the sinuses (curves) are rounded. Leaves are downy grayish pubescent with star-shaped hairs, 4-8 cm long. Flowers are pinkish-violet, about 1 cm across, clustered. Fruit is velvety and covered with hooked bristles.
Cape honeysuckle is a fast growing, scrambling shrub which may grow up to 2-3m high and spread more than 2.5m. Tecomaria capensis is an evergreen plant in warm climate areas but loses its leaves in colder areas. It has pinnately compound leaves that have oval leaflets with blunt teeth. Flowering time for this shrub is very erratic and often it flowers all year round. Flowers vary from red, deep orange, yellow to salmon. Flowers are tubular and bird pollinated, attracting nectar-feeding birds, especially sunbirds. Tecomaria capensis is an ornamental garden plant commonly used for screening and decorative purposes. It can also be trimmed to form a hedge. It is often planted specifically to attract birds and butterflies.
Nobody knows whether the hibiscus really is a native of China as its latin name, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, suggests or not. Many believe, it comes from India. This large shrub or small tree grows to 15 feet high. The toothed leaves are arranged alternately and vary a lot, but tend to be large, dark green, and shiny. This plant has a coarse texture and may be upright or broad and spreading. It is often many-stemmed. Flowers are glorious and huge at their best -- up to 6" in diameter -- and occur in many colors. Most are flared and have a bell shape and may be single or double, smooth or scalloped. They have a long central tube with stamens and pistils at the tip.
Common lantana is a rugged evergreen shrub from the tropics. The species will grow to 6 ft high and may spread to 8 ft in width with some varieties able to clamber vinelike up supports to greater heights with the help of support. The leaves are 2-5 in long by 1-2 in wide with rounded tooth edges and a textured surface. Stems and leaves are covered with rough hairs and emit an unpleasant aroma when crushed. The small flowers are held in clusters (called umbels) that are typically 1-2 in across. Flower color ranges from white to yellow, orange to red, pink to rose in unlimited combinations, in addition the flowers usually change in color as they age. A lantana may look orange from a distance but the flowerhead is examined at close range it consists of individual white, yellow and red flowers that blend when viewed from afar.
It is native to southern Europe and southwest Asia. It is a dense, suckering shrub or small tree growing to 5 m (16 ft) tall. The leaves are evergreen. The flowers are 3.5 to 5 cm (1.4 to 2.0 in) in diameter, violet-purple, often with small greenish-yellow spots or streaks. The fruit is a dry capsule containing numerous small seeds.
This is a much branched shrubby plant growing to a height of a feet or a little more. Its leaves are simple lanceolate, and can vary in size. Some plants have leaves that are quite small, while others grow leaves that can be quite long. The leaves are prominently toothed and have an acute base (hence acuta) with stipules being present. The flowers grow from leaf axils, are yellow in colour, solitary or occasionally in pairs. The flowers are buttercup like in shape, with overlapping petals.
Despite its common name, crepe ginger is only a distant relative of the edible ginger family. It is a tall and dramatic landscape plant with large dark green leaves arranged on the stalk in a spiral. The flowers appear in late summer or early fall, and are quite unusual looking. They form on red 4 in cone-shaped bracts, with several 2 in pure white crinkled flowers protruding from each cone. The flowers look like crepe paper - thus the common name of crepe ginger. After the flowers fade away, the attractive red cone-shaped bracts remain. The large crepy object is not the petal, but the stamen - the three true petals of each flower are inconspicuous, and are almost hidden by the bell shaped stamen.
This tropical plant from India and Sri Lanka offers a welcome orange, salmon or yellow to the filtered-light area. In addition to the flowers that are practically non-stop for the entire season, the foliage also offers added interest. The leaves are glossy and most striking. As the plant grows, keep it deadheaded and pinched back; it will maintain a bushy shape and keep blooming with each new flush of growth.
Firebush is a showy, fast-growing, semi-woody evergreen shrub that can get up to 15 ft (4.6 m) tall under ideal conditions, but usually stays much smaller. It has whorled leaves, usually with three but occasionally as many as seven at each node. Throughout the year, firebush produces showy terminal clusters (cymes) of bright reddish-orange or scarlet tubular flowers, each about 0.75 in (1.9 cm), long. Even the flower stems are red. The clusters of fruit also are showy. Each fruit is a juicy berry with many small seeds, ripening from green to yellow to red and finally to black. A firebush plant usually has flowers and fruit in various stages.
Fish Poison Bush is a large shrub or a small tree. Oppositely arranged stalkless lance-like leaves, which are mostly crowded at the end of branches. Yellow flowers occur in erect heads at the end of branches, surrounded by large hairy bracts. The flowers have 5 yellow, hairy petals. Plant can cause dermititis. Stem and leaves are used to stun fish.
Four o'clock flowers are trumpet shaped, about an inch across at the end and about two inches long. They open in the evening and wilt the next morning. Four o'clocks are leafy, shrublike, multi-branched perennials which bloom throughout summer. The plants are erect and spreading, 2-3 ft tall and just as wide. They have numerous branches and opposite, pointed leaves 2-4 in long. The fragrant flowers are borne singly or in clusters, and can be red, magenta, pink, yellow or white, sometimes with more than one color on the same plant. Like Petunia, bicolored flowers can also be grown. The plants continue to produce new flowers from late spring untill fall. Four o'clocks have large, black carrot shaped tubers that can be a foot or more long.
Green Shrimp Plant is a shrubby plant, with 4-sided flower-spikes at the end of branches. Bracts are oval, entire, mucronate. Leaves are elliptic-oblong, narrowed at both ends, velvety. Flowers are large, greenish blue. Upper lip of the flower is linear, reflexed. Green Shrimp Plant is found in Mumbai and Konkan region.
Ixora is said to be native to Asia and whose name derives from an Indian deity. This plant which blooms throughout the year is easy to grow. The flowers are found in a wide range of colours. Plants are of two types- large; with height around 1 meter and dwarf or miniature plants. Miniature ones have small leaves and are bushy. Ixora flowers last well when picked and put into a vase with water, making an attractive home arrangement. Ixora flower has traditionally been associated with enhanced sexuality and the re-kindling of passion.
Japanese Hibiscus is a shrub that will reach about 6 to 8 feet with a spread of 5 to 6 feet. It is a very fast grower and needs to be pruned often. highly decorative hanging red flowers, 3-4" in diameter, that have graceful lace-like petals that turn upwards and a long style that hangs down. Most usually these plants are sold as hanging basket plants and are treated as annuals. Hibiscus schizopetalus is native to tropical east Africa. Hibiscus schizopetalus need part shade and intermediate to warm temperatures. The plant cannot stand much drought and should be kept moist at all times.
King's Mantle is an upright shrub growing up to 4 ft. TheLeaves are ovate-elliptic, and oppositely arranged. Leaf margin is entire or wavy or occasionally with a broad triangular tooth above the middle. Flowers occur in leaf axils, either singly or in pairs, sitting on peduncles up to 1.5 inches long. Sepals cup is short, bowl shaped. Flower tube is 1.5-2.5 inches long, slightly conical at the base, swelling above, and distinctly curved. The flower tube flares open into five dark purple, roundish petals, yellowish-white at the base. The flowers are absolutely wonderful and it flowers in the colder season. King's Mantle is native to west Africa, but commonly cultivated in India.
An exotic and rare plant, Lemonia is a large shrub with bright dark pink flowers. The flower petals have a grainy and hard texture. The flowers have a curious flattened appearance. Leaves are divided into three leaflets which are elliptic, dark green and glossy. Prefers semi-shade conditions and regular watering. Great butterfly attractor. Though it is known to grow to a height of 3-5 metres, it is mostly maintained as a shrub. It is especially attractive when grown in shrubby groups.
Heliconia rostrata has a pendent inflorescence, the bracts are red with greenish yellow edges. Each bract resembles a lobster's claw, hence the common name. It is a very popular species, and one of the more common in cultivation. The inflorescence it produces is one of the most colorful one will ever encounter. The mature plant normally starts to flower in the summer. The flowers last a long time and make an excellent cut flower. It is an easy grower in tropical areas but some room is required because the stalks can reach 7 feet in height.
Mal Karvy is a small perennial shrub, usually half a meter tall, but after the flowering year, grows to 2 m tall. Oppositely arranged stalkless leaves are ovate, rounded at the base, 2-3 cm long. Purple flowers occur in spikes 3-8 cm long, either in leaf axils or at the end of branches. Bristly bracts are 2 cm long, with long hairs, and tinged with purple. Flowers are bell-shaped with flaring petals. Stamens are 6 in number, and remain inside the flower.
Malabar Melastome is an evergreen shrub, up to 2 m tall. In Southeast Asia and elsewhere it is a widespread weed of industrial forest plantation crops (such as rubber and mahogany), orchards, and rice fields. Leaves elliptic to lanceolate, 6-15 x 2-6.5 cm, occasionally narrowly lanceolate to oblong, 4-6 x 0.6-1.5 cm, base rounded to acute, tip pointed. Its flowers vary from light to dark pink and have 5 petals. The flowers are arranged in around 1-5 flowered clusters. Like all Melastomes it has dissimilar stamens, numbering twice the number of petals. The flower shows 5 purple, curved anthers, and 5 yellow anthers. Fruit a berry-like capsule with numerous seeds coated with red, sweet astringent pulp.
Marigold are among the very popular flowers commonly found in India and other countries. They can be easily cultivated, are widely adaptable to varying soils and climatic conditions and have a good flowering duration. This bushy plant with around 20 to 30 species, have a long flowering period and the colours range from orange, yellow, gold, cream to apricot. They are very much used in making garlands. Make excellent beds and pot decorations.
In its native Mexico it grows to 6 ft or more, but here it will only reach 2-4 ft. They form large, compact plants and produce their single, dahlia-like flowers very freely. The flowers are yellow to orange and about 3 inches in diameter.
Rajanigandha means "The Fragrance of the Night". It is a flower that is both mythical and magical, its nectar said by some to have special powers and its scent magical to all who experience it. Tuberoses are a popular flower in floral arrangements and their scent is used to produce perfumes the world over. Polianthes come from Mexico and the above is probably more familiar as a florist's cut flower. They are however quite easy to grow in a pot. Long-lasting as a cut flower in water. Flowering tubers have to be discarded as they will not flower again. A mass of long pale green foliage. The unopened buds are pinkish but the flowers are pure white. Tuberoses thrive in sunny spots and bloom in late summer. They are excellent in the garden or in pots. Their tall stems (2-3 ft.) and rather sparse, grass-like foliage make them ideal for interplanting.
Beautiful blossoms, of fragrant pink flowers in bunches, at the tip of branchlets rendering an eye-catching sight that is 'Oleander'. A native of India and the Mediterranean, it is now widely grown in tropical and subtropical gardens, parks, avenues, and is popular for its hue and fragrance. It rises up to 3 meters erect with its short branches and dark dusty green leathery narrow leaves, which grow in whorls. The leaves are narrow lancelike, 5-21 cm long and 1-3.5 cm broad, and with an entire margin. The flowers grow in clusters at the end of each branch; they are white, pink or yellow, 2.5-5 cm diameter, with 5 petals fringed at the base. They are often, but not always, sweetly scented. The fruit is a long narrow capsule 5-23 cm long, which splits open at maturity to release numerous downy seeds. There are single and double forms in white, pink and red.
The largest of the Crown of Thorns with 1" orchid red blooms and large stiff canes creating a somewhat more upright mature specimen. E. milii, a native to Madagascar, is a succulent, with thick, fleshy stems adapted for water storage. The stems are 5-7 sided, greyish-brown, branched & up to 2-3' in height, with many prominent, grey 1" spines. The leaves tend to be obovate (wider near the tip). They are spirally arranged, have smooth margins, & vary from bright green to grey-green. Foliage is present only on new growth. E. milii var splendens is similar, but grows to 5-6'.
This beautiful treelet is sometimes called Dwarf Poinciana due to the resemblence of its flowers and leaves to those of Gulmohar. They are botanically related but Peacock flower plant grows only to a height of about 3 meters, retains its leaves throughout the year, and blooms continuously. Flowers, which appear in clusters on long erect stems, are smalled than those of Gulmohar and have exceptionally long stamens and a prominent pistil which protrudes from the center. The most common color is red-orange, but one variety has pure yellow flowers.
Periwinkle is known as 'Sadabahar' meaning 'always in bloom' and is used for worship. Numerous soft-wood branches from the ground, give it an appearance of fullness. Closely planted it can have an impressive effect with its various colours. This is one flower which can be found all over India. Lots of cultivars have been developed with various colors, from red to white.
Calendulas are a very prolific, easy to grow annual flower. These bright yellow and orange flowers are a familiar sight in cottage and country gardens. The petals have a pungent, spicy flavor and the leaves have a bitter aftertaste. Calendula are grown from seeds. Sow seeds early in the season and cover lightly with 1/4" of garden soil. They germinate easily and will grow quickly, producing their first of a continual display of blooms by mid-summer. Calendula like rich, well drained soil, but are very tolerant of average to slightly poor soils.
Roses are a group of herbaceous shrubs found in temperate regions throughout both hemispheres The birthplace of the cultivated Rose was probably Northern Persia, on the Caspian, or Faristan on the Gulf of Persia. Rose is considered by many as the most beautiful of all flowers. There are varieties which have an extremely pleasant scent. There are other varieties which do not have much smell. It is available in every colour except blue and true black. The red rose is the symbol of England and is worn on St George's Day. It is also the symbol of love and is hugely popular on St Valentine's Day, when roses make up the largest proportion of the money spent on flowers. Rose has always featured strongly throughout history.
Showy Rattlepod is a perennial shrub, 1-1.5 m tall. Oblong leaves are 4-9 cm long, with a wedge-shaped base. Numerous large yellow flowers occur in erect racemes, 15-30 cm long, at the end of branches. Flowers are 2.5 cm across, bright yellow, with purple tinge. The "standard" petal is circular.
Son Ghanta is one of the critically endangered plant species of the Western Ghats. It is endemic and restricted to four districts of Maharashtra State. It is a shrub 3-5 ft tall characterized by 2 inch long bell-like hanging golden yellow flowers. The five petals are orange yellow, veined with purple. Alternately arranged leaves are heart-shaped, long-pointed, with toothed margins.
Star jasmine can be thought of as an evergreen, branching vine that can be trained as a shrub, or as a spreading, vine-like shrub. It is usually seen as an open, spreading, weeping (with hanging branches) mound, 3-10 ft tall and just as wide. The leaves are ovate and rounded at the base, up to 2 in long, and opposite each other on the stem. Known by the name Kundo, star jasmine is very popular in Manipur. It has very beautiful single-flowered, white blooms, which have no fragrance. The beauty of the flower more than makes up for lack of fragrance. In Indian mythology, star jasmine, or Kunda, is known for its whiteness. So, instead of the common western phrase 'white as snow', what often appears in Hindu mythological stories is 'white as kunda'. Flowers appear in bunches, almost throughout the year, and even the buds look beautiful. In Manipur, Kundo flowers are used in worship, and are an essential part of a marriage ceremony. The bride garlands the groom with two Kundo flower garlands. The groom then takes one of the two and garlands the bride.
Tanner's Cassia is a branched shrub, growing upto 1-1.5 m high. It has a smooth reddish brown bark. It has many ascending branches and 8-10 cm long pinnate leaves. There are 8-12 pairs of leaflets, each 2-3 cm long. Bright yellow flowers appear in recemes at the end of branches. The flowers are 4-5 cm across. Upper three stamens are reduced to stamenoides. Fruit is a 7-12 cm long, flat brown pod.